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The Oxford Handbook of Gender,  War and the Western World since 1600

Edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink and Sonya O. Rose

Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020

The Oxford Handbook is a reference work of thirty-two essays jointly written by specialists in the history of military and war and experts in gender and women’s history. The collection, covering the period from the Thirty Years War to the Wars of Globalization, investigates how gender, an amalgam of ideals and practices that give meaning to and socially differentiate male and female, contributed to the shaping of warfare and related to it the military and was at the same time transformed by them. The essays explore this question by focusing on themes such as the cultural representations of military and war; war mobilization of and war support by society; war experiences on the homefronts and battlefronts; gendered war violence including sexual violence; military service and citizenship; war demobilization, postwar societies and memories; and the attempts to regulate and tame warfare and prevent new wars.

Covering the major periods in warfare since the seventeenth century, the Handbook focuses on Europe and the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thus the handbook allows for both, temporal comparisons that explore continuities and changes in a long-term perspective, and regional comparisons as well as an assessment of transnational influences on the entangled relationships between and among gender, warfare and military culture.

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Editor Information

KAREN HAGEMANN is the James G. Kenan Distinguished Professor of History and Adjunct Professor of the Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has published widely in modern German, European, and transatlantic history, gender history, and the history of military and war.

STEFAN DUDINK  teaches gender and sexuality studies at Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands. His main field of research is the history of gender and sexuality in modern European political and military cultures.

SONYA O. ROSE (1935-2020) Professor Emerita and former Natalie Zemon Davis Collegiate Professor of History, Sociology and Women’s Studies at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Her main fields of research are modern Britain and its empire, gender and labor history, the histories of national identity, citizenship and war, and the history of sexuality.


Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Introduction: Gender and the History of War — The Development of the Research
Karen Hagemann


1. War and Gender: From the Thirty Years War and Colonial Conquest to the Wars of Revolution and Independence- An Overview
Stefan Dudink and Karen Hagemann

2. Wars, States and Gender in Early Modern European Warfare, 1600s-1780s
Peter H. Wilson

3. War, Culture and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary North America
Serena Zabin

4. War, Gender and Society in Late Colonial and Revolutionary Spanish America
Catherine Davies

5. Gender, Slavery, War and Violence in and beyond the Age of Revolution
Elizabeth Colwill

6. Society, Mass Warfare and Gender in Europe during and after the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
Alan Forrest

7. History and Memory of Army Women and Female Soldiers, 1770s-1870s
Thomas Cardoza and Karen Hagemann

8. Citizenship, Mass Mobilization and Masculinity in a Transatlantic Perspective, 1770s-1870s
Stefan Dudink


9. War and Gender: Nineteenth-Century Wars of Nations and Empires-An Overview
Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and Mischa Honeck

10. Mobilization for War: Gendered Military Cultures in Nineteenth-Century Western Societies
Robert A. Nye

11. Gender and the Wars of Nation-Building and Nation-Keeping in the Americas, 1830s-1870s
Amy S. Greenberg

12. Imperial Conquest, Violent Encounters and Changing Gender Relations in Colonial Warfare, 1830s-1910s
Angela Woollacott

13. The “White Man” Race and Imperial War during the Long Nineteenth Century
Marilyn Lake

14. Changing Modes of Warfare and the Gendering of Military Medical Care, 1850s-1920s
Jean H. Quataert


15. War and Gender: The Age of the World Wars and Its Aftermath-An Overview
Karen Hagemann and Sonya O. Rose

16. Mobilization for War: Gender, Culture and Music in the Age of World Wars
Annegret Fauser

17. “Total Warfare,” Gender and the Home/Front in Europe during the First and Second World Wars
Susan R. Grayzel

18. Citizenship and Gender on the American and Canadian Homefronts during the First and Second World Wars
Kimberly Jensen

19. History and Memory of Female Military Service in the Age of World Wars
Karen Hagemann

20. Western States, Military Masculinity and Combat in the Age of World Wars
Thomas Kühne

21. Colonial Soldiers, Race and Military Masculinity during and beyond World War I and II
Richard Smith

22. Sexuality, Sexual Violence and the Military in the Age of the World Wars
Regina Mühlhäuser

23. Gender, Peace and the New Politics of Humanitarianism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
Glenda Sluga

24. Gender, Demobilization and the Reordering of Society after the First and Second World Wars
Karen Hagemann

25. Gendering the Memories of War and Holocaust in Europe and the United States
Frank Biess


26. War and Gender: From the Global Cold War to the Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era-An Overview
Karen Hagemann and Sonya O. Rose

27. Gender, the Wars of Decolonization and the Decline of Empires after 1945
Raphaëlle Branche

28. Post-1945 Western Militaries, Female Soldiers and Gay and Lesbian Rights
Karen Hagemann and D’Ann Campbell

29. Conceptualizing Sexual Violence in Post-Cold War Global Conflicts
Dubravka Zarkov

30. The United Nations, Gendered Human Rights and Peacekeeping since 1945
Sandra Whitworth

31. Gender, Wars of Globalization and Humanitarian Interventions since the End of the Cold War
Kristen P. Williams