Carolina “Gender, War and Culture” Conference Series

Fall 2014

Gender, War and Culture: From the Age of the World Wars to  Cold War, Anti-Colonial Struggle and the Wars of Globalization (1910s–Present)

11–13 September 2014

The aim of this initiative is to establish research collaboration between an interdisciplinary and international group of scholars with the purpose of developing a wide-ranging project that analyses gender, war, and military culture from 1650 to the present. The project consists of a research group and a workshop series. It will result in an Oxford Handbook titled Gender, War and the Western World since 1650 of 33 chapters and over 600 pages to be published by Oxford University Press (contracted). The project investigates how gender, an amalgam of ideals and practices that give meaning to and socially differentiate male and female, contributed to the shaping of warfare and military culture and was simultaneously transformed by them. It explores these two threads by focusing on such themes as cultural representations of military and war and their role in (de)mobilization; the interconnections of the military and civil society; war violence and war experiences on the home and battle fronts; the consequences of participation in war and the military for citizenship; and post-war cultures and memories of war. Chronologically, the project covers the key periods of warfare development since 1650. While its main geographical focus is on Europe and the Americas (including the Caribbean), this history has to include the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building originating from sixteenth-century Europe, and their aftermath in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thus the project allows for both, temporal comparisons that explore continuities and changes in a long-term perspective, and regional comparisons as well as an assessment of transnational influences on the entangled relationships between and among gender, warfare and military culture.

Poster (PDF)

Program (PDF)

Thursday, 11 September 2014

5:30 – 7:30 • UNC–Chapel Hill • Institute for Arts and Humanities • Hyde Hall • University Room

5:30 – 6:00 pm

Registration and Reception

6:00 – 7:30 pm

6:00 pm: Welcome

KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

JOHN MARTIN (Duke University, Department of History)

6:15 – 7:30 pm: Public Keynote

KRISTEN P. WILLIAMS (Clark University, Department of Political Science)

Gender, War, and Humanitarian Intervention in  the 21st Century

Discussion

Moderation: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Friday, 12 September 2014

8:30 am: Registration and Welcome Coffee

9:00 am – 10:00 am

Panel I: Gendering the History of War: The Oxford Handbook: Approach and Concepts

Introduction: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History) and  STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

Moderation: DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

Discussion

10:00 – 10:15 am: Coffee Break

10:15 am – 1:30 pm

Panels II and III: Gendering the History of the Age of the World Wars

Introduction: SONYA O. ROSE (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and Birkbeck, University of London, Department of History, Classics and Archaeology)

Moderation: DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

10:30 am – 12:00 pm

Panel II

Moderation: DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

Mobilization for “Total” Warfare: Gender, Culture and Propaganda in the Age of World Wars—A Transatlantic Comparison

ANNEGRET FAUSER (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of Music)

“Total War”: Society, State and Gender in East and West Europe during the First and Second World War

SUSAN GRAYZEL (University of Mississippi, Department of History)

War Societies, Citizenship and Gender: The American and Canadian Homefront during World War I and II

KIMBERLY JENSEN (Western Oregon University, Department of History)

Women and the Military in the Age of World Wars: History and Memory in Comparative Perspective

KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC-Chapel Hill, Department of History)

12:00 – 12:15 am: Coffee Break

12:15 – 1:30 pm

Comment 1: CLAUDIA KOONZ (Duke University, Department of History)

Comment 2: RICHARD KOHN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Discussion

1:30 – 2:30 pm: Lunch Break

2:30 – 6:00 pm

Panel III

Moderation: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

2:30 – 4:00 pm

Masculinity, Military Service and Combat in the Age of World Wars: A Transatlantic Comparison

THOMAS KÜHNE (Clark University, Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies)

Colonial Soldiers, Race and Masculinity during and beyond World War I and II

RICHARD SMITH (Goldsmiths, University of London, Department of Media and Communications)

Sex and “Total War”: Sexuality and Sexual Violence in the Age of the World Wars

REGINA MÜHLHÄUSER (Hamburg Insititute for Social Research)

Taming Warfare: Gender and the New International Politics of Humanitarianism and Peace, 1900–1948

GLENDA SLUGA (University of Sydney, Department of History)

4:00 – 4:30 pm: Coffee Break

4:30 – 6:00  pm

Comment 1: ADRIANE LENTZ-SMITH (Duke University, Department of History)

Comment 2: JEAN H. QUATAERT (Binghamton University SUNY, Department of History)

Discussion

6:00 – 6:15 pm: Break

6:15 – 7:00 pm

The Production of The Oxford Handbook and the GWC Online Bibliography

7:30 pm: Dinner

Saturday, 13 September 2014

9:00 am – 5:30 pm

9:00 am: Welcome Coffee

9:30 am – 12:45 pm

Panel IV and V: Gendering the History of Cold War,  Anti-Colonial Struggle and the Wars of Globalization

Introduction: DUBRAVKA ZARKOV (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Institute for Social Studies)

Moderation: MISCHA HONECK (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

9:45 am – 11:00 pm

Panel IV

Moderation: MISCHA HONECK (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

Gender, Demobilization and Social Order: Post-war Societies in Europe and the United States after 1918 and 1945

ERIKA KUHLMAN (Idaho State University, Department of History)

Gendering the Memories of World War II and the Holocaust: Europe and the United States in Comparison

FRANK BIESS (University of California, San Diego, Department of History)

Gender and Anti-colonial Warfare: The Decline of Empire and the Redistribution of Gendered Power after 1945

RAPHAELLE BRANCHE (CNRS Centre d’histoire sociale du XXe siècle)

11:00 – 11:15 am: Coffee Break

11:15 – 12:45 pm

Comment 1: KONRAD H. JARAUSCH (UNC-Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Comment 2: BRUCE HALL (Duke University, Department of History)

Discussion

12:45 – 2:00 pm: Lunch Break

2:00 – 5:45 pm

Panel V

2:00 – 3:30 pm

Moderation: STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

Challenges to Military Masculinities: Female Soldiers, Gay Rights and the Professionalization of Western Armies since 1945

D’ANN CAMPBELL (Culver-Stockton College)

The End of the Cold War, the Re-emergence of Small-scale National Wars and Sexual Violence as a Weapon of Warfare

DUBRAVKA ZARKOV (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Institute for Social Studies)

The United Nations, Gendered Human Rights and Peace Keeping since 1945

SANDRA WHITWORTH (York University, Department of Political Science)

Gender and the Current Wars of Globalization

KRISTEN P. WILLIAMS (Clark University, Department of Political Sciences)

3:30 – 4:00 pm: Coffee Break

4:00 – 5:30 pm

Comment 1: ROBERT JENKINS (UNC–Chapel Hill, Center for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies)

Comment 2: FRANCES HASSO (Duke University, International Comparative Studies, Sociology, and Gender Studies)

Discussion

5:30 pm

Closing Remarks: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

7:30 pm: Dinner

Spring 2014

Conference: Gender, War and Culture: From Colonial Conquest, Standing Armies and Revolutionary Wars to the Wars of Nations and Empires (1650s –1910s)

20–22 February 2014

Thursday, 20 February 2014

UNC–Chapel Hill • Gerrard Hall • Institute for the Arts and Humanities

7:30 – 9:00 pm

Welcome: JOHN MCGOWAN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Institute for the Arts and Humanities)

2014 Mary Stevens Reckford Memorial Lecture in European Studies:
An Age of Destruction: World War I One Hundred Years Later

MICHAEL GEYER (University of Chicago, Department of History)

Poster PDF

Introduction: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Discussion

Reception

Friday, 21 February 2014

UNC–Chapel Hill • Institute for the Arts and Humanities • Hyde Hall • University Room

9:00 am – 7:15 pm

8:30 – 9:00 am: Registration and Welcome Coffee

9:00 – 10:30 am

Welcome: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

FITZ BRUNDAGE (Chair, Department of History, UNC–Chapel Hill)

JOHN MARTIN (Chair, Department of History, Duke University)

MISCHA HONECK (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

Panel I: Gendering the History of War: The Oxford Handbook

Introduction: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

SONYA O. ROSE (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and Birkbeck, University of London, Department of History, Classics and Archaeology)

Moderator: MISCHA HONECK (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

Discussion

10:30 – 10:45 am: Coffee Break

10:45 am – 1:15 pm

Panel II and III: Gendering the History of Early Modern and Revolutionary Warfare

Introduction: STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

11:00 am – 12:00 pm

Panel II

Moderator: DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

Consolidating States, Professionalizing Armies, and Controlling Violence in the Long-term Aftermath of the Thirty Years War

PETER WILSON (University of Hull, Department of History)

War and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary Central and South America and the Caribbean

CATHERINE DAVIES (University of Nottingham, Department of Spanish, Portuguese & Latin American Studies)

War and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary North America

SERENA ZABIN (Carleton College, Department of History)

12:00 – 12:15 pm: Coffee Break

12:15 – 1:30 pm

Comment 1: KRISTEN NEUSCHEL (Duke University, Department of History)

Comment 2: WAYNE LEE (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Discussion

1:30 – 2:30 pm: Lunch Break

2:30 – 6:00 pm

Panel III

Moderator: KAREN HAGEMANN (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

2:30 – 4:00 pm

Gender, Slavery and Sovereign Statecraft in the Age of Revolutionary Wars

ELIZABETH COLWILL (University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Department of American Studies)

Society, Mass Warfare and Gender during the European Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars

ALAN FORREST (University of York, Department of History)

Citizenship, Mass Mobilization and Masculinity in Transatlantic Perspective, 1770s–1850s

STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

Army Women and Female Soldiers: History, Perception and Memory in a Transatlantic Comparison, 1770–1900

THOMAS CARDOZA (Arizona State University, Barrett, The Honors College)

4:00 – 4:30 pm: Coffee Break

4:30 – 6:15 pm

Comment 1: JAY M. SMITH (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Comment 2: PETER H. WILSON (University of Hull, Department of History)

Discussion

6:15 – 6:30 pm: Break

6:30 – 7:00 pm:

Next Steps In the Production of The Oxford Handbook and the Work with the GWC Online Bibliography

7:30 pm: Dinner

Saturday, 22 February 2014

UNC-Chapel Hill • Institute for the Arts and Humanities • Hyde Hall • University Room

9:30 am – 5:30 pm

9:00 – 9:30 am: Welcome Coffee

9:30 – 12:30 am

Panels IV and V: Gendering the History of the Wars of Nations and Empires

Introduction: DIRK BÖNKER (Duke University, Department of History)

9:45 am – 12:30 pm

Panel IV

9:45 – 10:45 am

Moderator: STEFAN DUDINK (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

Mobilization for War: Gender, Culture and Propaganda in Nineteenth-century Europe and the United States

ROBERT NYE  (Oregon State University, Department of History)

Gender and the Wars of Nation-building in Europe, 1830s – 1870s

MARK R. STONEMAN (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

Gender and the Wars of Nation-building and -keeping in the Americas, 1830s – 1870s

AMY S. GREENBERG (Penn State University, Department of History)

10:45 – 11:00 am: Coffee Break

11:00 am – 12:30 pm

Comment 1: LLOYD KRAMER (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Comment 2: MISCHA HONECK (German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.)

Discussion

12:30 – 2:00 pm: Lunch Break

2:00 – 5:30 pm

Panel V

2:00 – 3:30 pm

Moderator: SONYA O. ROSE (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and Birkbeck, University of London, Department of History, Classics and Archaeology)

Gender, Imperialism and Militarism in Western Societies, 1870s – 1910s

MICHAEL GEYER (The University of Chicago, Department of History)

Imperial Conquest, Violent Encounters and Changing Gender Relations: The Social Impact of Colonial Warfare, 1830s – 1910s

ANGELA WOOLACOTT (Australian National University, School of History)

White Warriors? Imperial Struggle, Race and the Making of ‘White Men’ during the Long Nineteenth Century

MARILYN LAKE (The University of Melbourne, Department of History)

New Modes of Warfare, the Violated Body and the Gendering of Professional Military Medical Care

JEAN H. QUARTAERT (Binghamton University SUNY, Department of History)

3:30 – 4:00 pm: Coffee Break

4:00 – 5:30 pm

Comment 1: SUSAN THORNE (Duke University, Department of History)

Comment 2: FITZ BRUNDAGE (UNC–Chapel Hill, Department of History)

Discussion

5:30 pm: Closing Remarks

7:30 pm: Dinner